Advanced calcification analysis lectures
These cases have a wide variety of calcifications, all without any tumor seen on the mammogram. These include some cases having malignant-type calcifications within the axillary lymph nodes, raising the question of “how does in situ cancer get into the axillary lymph nodes?” Several cases in this lecture have multiple clusters of malignant type calcifications very close to the skin, some of which were found on the surgical specimen margin. These and other cases show how the multimodality approach should be used to plan proper breast cancer management.
These carefully chosen, fully worked-up cases cover the full spectrum of malignant-type calcifications seen at mammography. You will learn how to find faint and subtle calcifications and recognize malignancy by the distribution of the calcifications, even when the individual calcifications appear benign. Our multimodality diagnostic approach benefits from the strengths of magnification mammography, ultrasound and MRI. The imaging findings are correlated in every case with large format thin section (and often thick section) histopathology images to show the underlying structure of the malignancies we see at imaging. Every case has illustrated teaching points reviewing the major findings and commenting on the appropriateness of the management. These lectures improve your skills in perception and diagnosis and give you greater confidence when communicating your findings to your pathologists and surgeons.